Historical Background Edit
Although not through black magic, Rasputin is partially responsible for the rise of the Bolsheviks. Historically, his economic reforms brought famine and financial decay to the Russian Empire. This - alongside with the growing popular dissent against the landholding class, the debt caused by Russia's involvement in World War I, and the progressive encroachment of the October Manifesto of 1905 by the monarchy - is said to be the primary cause for the fall of the Czardom.
The Bolshevik seizure of power first started with the February Revolution of 1917. Where in response to the nation-wide unrest, the State Duma forced the Czar to abdicate and in his place was Prime Minister Alexander along with his liberal/social-democratic dominated provisional government. However, due to the provisional government's continual involvement in the costly Great War and their suspected appeasement to landlords and industrialists, popular uprisings turned against Alexander and in favor of socialist revolutionaries.
A radical split-off of the former "Russian Social Democratic Labor Party," known as the Bolsheviks (meaning "majority"), led by Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, and Joseph Stalin, became the dominant faction in the provisional government's opposition. In October of 1917, a militia of the pro-Bolshevik "Petrograd Worker's Council" invaded Petrograd's ministry and overthrew the provisional government.
The result was a wide-spread internal conflict in post-revolutionary Russia known as the "Russian Civil War." Entire nations declared independence from Russia and the country itself was split in a conflict between the "Reds" (Bolsheviks, radical socialists, and anarchists) and the "Whites" (monarchists, Mensheviks, nationalists, and liberals). Even foreign countries became directly involved in this Civil War to support the Whites. By the early 20's, the Reds emerged victorious in securing their control over Russia. After the Civil War, the Bolsheviks also subdued their own non-Bolshevik allies.
The Bolshevik-dominated governments of Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Caucasus formed a federation in 1923 called the "Union of Soviet Socialist Republics" under the original Bolshevik leaders (Lenin, Trotsky, and Stalin). It was also at this time that a battalion of Red soldiers escorted Czar Nicholas II and his family to an underground bunker where they were executed by gunfire. There is historical debate to this day as to whether Vladimir Lenin directly ordered this execution or not.
Finally, after Lenin's death, Trotsky was sent into exile and the enormous power vacuum within the infant USSR was filled by the remaining leader, General Secretary Joseph Stalin. Stalin afterwards sent the Bolshevik secret police (People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs) to assassinate Trotsky in Mexico. Stalin would then re-organize the USSR's administration into his personal totalitarian dictatorship.
Background in the Movie Edit
The Bolsheviks were Rasputin's revolutionists when he sold his soul for the power to destroy the Romanov family, casting the Russian Revolution as revenge.
Soon after, for revenge, he sold his soul in exchange for a unholy reliquary, which he used to cast a curse on the family. Rasputin's revolutionists charged through the palace gates and caused destruction upon the palace, including overthrowing the statue of Nicholas II.
After the RevolutionEdit
The Bolsheviks managed to kill six of the Romanov family Tsar Nicholas, Tsarina Alexandra, Grand Duchesses Olga, Tatiana and Maria Nikolaevna and Tsarevich/Grand Duke Alexei Nikolaievich Romanov.
Soon afterwards, Russia was under communist rule, Marie returned to Paris and Anastasia, who is now called Anya, was sent to an orphanage.